The correct answer is D.
OBJ-1.3: A parameterized query (also known as a prepared statement) is a means of pre-compiling a SQL statement so that all you need to supply are the “parameters” (think “variables”) that need to be inserted into the statement for it to be executed. It’s commonly used as a means of preventing SQL injection attacks. This code snippet is an example of a Java implementation of a parameterized query. Input validation would involve the proper testing of any input supplied by a user to an application. Since the first line takes the custname input without any validation, this is not an example of the input validation secure coding practice. Session management refers to the process of securely handling multiple requests to a web-based application or service from a single user or entity. Authentication is the act of proving an assertion, such as the identity of a computer system user. This code snippet is neither a form of session management nor authentication. You should not fully understand what this code is doing for the exam, but you should understand what it is not doing. There is nothing in the code that indicates session management or receiving usernames and passwords. Therefore, we can rule out session management and authentication. This leaves us with input validation and parameterized queries as our best options. Based on the code, we see the word query multiple times, which should be a hint that the answer is a parameterized query even if you can’t read this Java code fully.