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The correct answer is C.

OBJ-4.2: If a software developer has a copy of their source code, there is no need to reverse engineer it since they can directly examine the code. Doing this is known as static code analysis, not reverse engineering. Reverse engineering is the process of analyzing a system’s or application’s structure to reveal more about how it functions. In malware, examining the code that implements its functionality can provide you with information about how the malware propagates and its primary directives. Reverse engineering is also used to conduct industrial espionage since it can allow a company to figure out how a competitor’s application works and develop its own version. An attacker might use reverse engineering of an application or executable to identify a flaw or vulnerability in its operation and then exploit that flaw as part of their attack.

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