The correct answer is A.
OBJ-1.3: When planning an engagement, it is crucial to understand the client’s goals and objectives. Basically, they need to answer the question, “What do I hope to achieve by conducting this penetration test?” This will allow you to better plan the engagement within the boundaries you and the client agree upon. For example, are they conducting the penetration test due to regulatory or compliance requirements? Are they trying to determine if a social engineering campaign would trick their employees? Are they trying to determine if their patch management program is effective? Each of these objectives has different methods that would be used in the engagement.